Anaerobic Lagoon

Biomethane is the "Renewable Natural Gas"

Biomethane, which is produced from Anaerobic Digesters, CAFO's, Landfills and
Wastewater Treatment plants, is the cleanest, greenest and most economic of all biofuels to produce 
according to the leading renewable fuel experts in Germany, Sweden & the USA!


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Anaerobic Lagoon

What is an anaerobic lagoon?

According to the E.P.A., an anaerobic lagoon is a deep impoundment, essentially free of dissolved oxygen, that promotes
anaerobic conditions. The process typically takes place in deep earthen basins, and such ponds are used as anaerobic pretreatment systems. 

Anaerobic lagoons are not aerated, heated, or mixed. The typical depth of an aerated lagoon is greater than eight feet, with greater depths preferred. Such depths minimize the effects of oxygen diffusion from the surface, allowing anaerobic conditions to prevail. In this respect, anaerobic lagoons are different from shallower aerobic or facultative lagoons, making the process analogous to that experienced with a single-stage unheated anaerobic digester, except that anaerobic
lagoons are in an an open earthen basin. Moreover, conventional digesters are typically used for sludge stabilization in a treatment process, whereas lagoons typically are used to pre-treat raw wastewater. Pretreatment includes separation of solids that will settle, digestion of solids, and treatment of the liquid portion. 

Anaerobic lagoons are typically used for two major purposes:

1) Pretreatment of high strength industrial wastewaters.

2) Pretreatment of municipal wastewater to allow preliminary sedimentation of suspended solids as a pretreatment process.

Anaerobic lagoons have been especially effective for pretreatment of high strength organic wastewaters.

Applications for anaerobic lagoons include industrial wastewaters and rural communities that have a significant organic load from industrial sources.

Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) removals up to 60% are possible. The effluent cannot be discharged due to the high level of anaerobic byproducts remaining.

Anaerobic lagoons are not applicable to many situations because of large land requirements, sensitivity to environmental
conditions, and objectionable odors. Furthermore, the anaerobic process may require long retention times, especially in cold climates, as anaerobic bacteria are not effective below 15° C. As a result, anaerobic lagoons are not widely used for municipal wastewater treatment in northern parts of the United States.


An anaerobic lagoon is a deep earthen basin with sufficient volume to permit sedimentation of solids that will settle, to digest retained sludge, and to anaerobically reduce some of the soluble organic substrate. 

Raw wastewater enters near the bottom of the pond and mixes with the active microbial mass in the sludge blanket. Anaerobic conditions prevail except for a shallow surface layer in which excess undigested grease and scum are concentrated. Sometimes aeration is provided at the surface to control odors. 

An impervious crust that retains heat and odors will develop if surface aeration is not provided. The discharge is located near the side opposite of the influent. The effluent is not suitable for discharge to receiving waters. Anaerobic lagoons
are followed by aerobic or facultative lagoons to provide required treatment.

The anaerobic lagoon is usually preceded by a bar screen and can have a Parshall flume with a flow recorder to determine the inflow to the lagoon. A cover can be provided to trap and collect the methane gas produced in the process for use elsewhere, but this is not a common practice.

Anaerobic Lagoon

Amine Units  *  Biogas Plants  *  Biogas Processing  Biomethane  *  Gas Dehydration  Gas Sweetening

H2S Removal  Landfill Gas to Energy  Pipeline Quality Gas  *  Sewage Sludge  *  Wastewater Treatment

"Changing the Way the World Makes and Uses Energy"






Running on "green fuel" such as Biomethane, B100 Biodiesel, Synthesis Gas or natural gas, our CHP Systems are the greenest "clean power generation" systems available as they generate no new greenhouse gas emissions or other hazardous air pollutants.

Clean Power Generation

CHP Systems (Cogeneration and Trigeneration) Plants 
Have Very  High Efficiencies, Low Fuel Costs & Low Emissions

The CHP System below is Rated at 900 kW and Features:
(2) Natural Gas Engines @ 450 kW each on one Skid with Optional 
Selective Catalytic Reduction
system that removes Nitrogen Oxides to "non-detect."

The Effective Heat Rate of the CHP System below is 
4100 btu/kW with a Net System Efficiency of 92%.


CHP Systems may be the best solution for your company's economic and environmental sustainability as we "upgrade" natural gas to clean power with our clean power generation solutions.

Emissions Abatement solutions reduce Nitrogen Oxides to "non-detect" which means our CHP Systems can be installed and operated in most EPA non-attainment regions!

What is an Anaerobic Digester?

An anaerobic digester is a system that takes an organic waste stream and through the process of anaerobic digestion (meaning without oxygen), microorganisms break-down the waste stream which generates biogas in the process.  The biogas cannot be used due to the large amount of impurities it contains, so the biogas must cleaned through a biogas to biomethane process after which, the clean biomethane, often referred to as "renewable natural gas" is used just as natural gas, methane or CH4.

The right anaerobic digester and "feedstock" are critical components to optimum production of biomethane which can fuel your own cogeneration or trigeneration power plant.

Anaerobic Digesters: Different types for different applications

Basic Types of
Anaerobic Digesters

While there are many different types of anaerobic digesters, three designs (below) are the most common found in the U.S., which are:

1.  Anaerobic Lagoons
2.  Plug Flow Digesters
3.  Complete Mix Digesters

Anaerobic digestion is the bacterial decomposition of organic waste in the absence of oxygen. The two main products of anaerobic digestion are biogas and a solid residual material. 

Food scraps, manure, biosolids, as well as Fats, Oil, and Grease (FOG) can all be "digested" anaerobic digesters and the biomethane (cleaned-up and purified biogas) used to fuel a cogeneration power plant.

Benefits of an Anaerobic Digester:


How Anaerobic Digesters Work, and 
Anaerobic Digesters Produce Biomethane
The Greenest of all Biofuels!

Anaerobic Digesters
recover valuable biomethane from animal manure through a process called anaerobic digestion. The following information highlights the process of how Anaerobic Digesters work.

and Anaerobic Bacteria

Biomethane or "Renewable Natural Gas" is practically the same as is a gas that contains molecules of methane with one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen (CH4 ). It is the major component of the "natural" gas used in many homes for cooking and heating. It is odorless, colorless, and yields about 1,000 British Thermal Units (Btu) [252 kilocalories (kcal)] of heat energy per cubic foot (0.028 cubic meters) when burned. 

Natural gas, or methane, is a fossil fuel - was created hundreds of thousands of years ago by the anaerobic decomposition of organic materials (primarily algae). It is often found in association with oil and coal.

The same types of anaerobic bacteria that produce natural gas also produce biomethane today. Anaerobic bacteria are some of the oldest forms of life on earth. They evolved before the photosynthesis of green plants released large quantities of oxygen into the atmosphere. Anaerobic bacteria break down or "digest" organic material in the absence of oxygen and produce "Biomethane" as a waste product. (Aerobic decomposition, or composting, requires large amounts of oxygen and produces heat.)

Anaerobic decomposition occurs naturally in swamps, water-logged soils and rice fields, deep bodies of water, and in the digestive systems of termites and large animals. Anaerobic processes can be managed in a "digester" (an airtight tank) or a covered lagoon (a pond used to store manure) for waste treatment. The primary benefits of anaerobic digestion are nutrient recycling, waste treatment, and odor control. Except in very large systems, biomethane production is a highly useful but secondary benefit.

Biomethane produced in anaerobic digesters consists of methane (50%–80%), carbon dioxide (20%–50%), and trace levels of other gases such as hydrogen, carbon monoxide, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen sulfide. The relative percentage of these gases in biomethane depends on the feed material and management of the process. When burned, a cubic foot (0.028 cubic meters) of biomethane yields about 10 Btu (2.52 kcal) of heat energy per percentage of methane composition. For example, biomethane composed of 65% methane yields 650 Btu per cubic foot (5,857 kcal/cubic meter).

Anaerobic Digestion

Anaerobic decomposition is a complex process. It occurs in three basic stages as the result of the activity of a variety of microorganisms. Initially, a group of microorganisms converts organic material to a form that a second group of organisms utilizes to form organic acids. Methane-producing (methanogenic) anaerobic bacteria utilize these acids and complete the decomposition process.

A variety of factors affect the rate of digestion and Biomethane production. The most important is temperature. Anaerobic bacteria communities can endure temperatures ranging from below freezing to above 135° Fahrenheit (F) (57.2° Centigrade [C]), but they thrive best at temperatures of about 98°F (36.7°C) (mesophilic) and 130°F (54.4°C) (thermophilic). Bacteria activity, and thus biomethane production, falls off significantly between about 103° and 125°F (39.4° and 51.7°C) and gradually from 95° to 32°F (35° to 0°C).

In the thermophilic range, decomposition and biomethane production occur more rapidly than in the mesophilic range. However, the process is highly sensitive to disturbances, such as changes in feed materials or temperature. While all anaerobic digesters reduce the viability of weed seeds and disease-producing (pathogenic) organisms, the higher temperatures of thermophilic digestion result in more complete destruction. Although anaerobic digesters operated in the mesophilic range must be larger (to accommodate a longer period of decomposition within the tank (hydraulic retention time), the process is less sensitive to upset or change in operating regimen.

To optimize the digestion process, anaerobic digesters must be kept at a consistent temperature, as rapid changes will upset bacterial activity. In most areas of the United States, digestion vessels require some level of insulation and/or heating. Some installations circulate the coolant from their biomethane-powered engines in or around the digester to keep it warm, while others burn part of the biomethane to heat the digester. In a properly designed system, heating generally results in an increase in biomethane production during colder periods. The trade-offs in maintaining optimum digester temperatures to maximize gas production while minimizing expenses are somewhat complex. Studies on digesters in the north-central areas of the country indicate that maximum net biomethane production can occur in anaerobic digesters maintained at temperatures as low as 72°F (22.2°C).

Other factors affect the rate and amount of biomethane output. These include pH, water/solids ratio, carbon/nitrogen ratio, mixing of the digesting material, the particle size of the material being digested, and retention time. Pre-sizing and mixing of the feed material for a uniform consistency allows the bacteria to work more quickly. The pH is self-regulating in most cases. Bicarbonate of soda can be added to maintain a consistent pH; for example, when too much "green" or material high in nitrogen content is added. It may be necessary to add water to the feed material if it is too dry or if the nitrogen content is very high. A carbon/nitrogen ratio of 20/1 to 30/1 is best. Occasional mixing or agitation of the digesting material can aid the digestion process. Antibiotics in livestock feed have been known to kill the anaerobic bacteria in digesters. Complete digestion, and retention times, depend on all of the above factors.

Sewage Sludge or Effluent

The material drawn from the anaerobic digester is called sewage sludge, or effluent. It is rich in nutrients (ammonia, phosphorus, potassium, and more than a dozen trace elements) and is an excellent soil conditioner. It can also be used as a livestock feed additive when dried. Any toxic compounds (pesticides, etc.) that are in the anaerobic digesters' feedstock material may become concentrated in the effluent. Therefore, it is important to test the effluent before using it on a large scale.

Anaerobic Digester Types and Designs

Factors to consider when designing an anaerobic digester system include cost, size, local climate, and the availability and type of organic feedstock material.

Anaerobic digesters can be manufactured from different materials depending on the location, climate and waste to be processed.  These materials include; concrete, steel, brick, or plastic. Anaerobic digesters are also manufactured in a variety of shapes, including; silos, troughs, basins or may also be a pond or lagoon, and may be placed underground or on the surface. All anaerobic digesters system designs incorporate the same basic components:

There are Two Basic Types of Anaerobic Digesters; Batch and Continuous

Batch-type digesters are the simplest to build. Their operation consists of loading the digester with organic materials and allowing it to digest. The retention time depends on temperature and other factors. Once the digestion is complete, the effluent is removed and the process is repeated.

In a continuous digester, organic material is constantly or regularly fed into the digester. The material moves through the digester either mechanically or by the force of the new feed pushing out digested material. Unlike batch-type digesters, continuous digesters produce biogas without the interruption of loading material and unloading effluent. There are three types of continuous digesters: vertical tank systems, horizontal tank or plug-flow systems, and multiple tank systems.

Proper design, operation, and maintenance of continuous digesters produce a steady and predictable supply of usable biogas. They may be better suited for large-scale operations.

Many livestock operations store the manure they produce in waste lagoons, or ponds. A growing number of these operations are placing floating covers on their lagoons to capture the biogas. They use it to run an engine/generator to produce electricity.

The cost of designing an constructing an anaerobic digester and the associated "balance of plant" can vary widely. Systems can be put together using off-the-shelf materials. There are also a few companies that build system components. Some sophisticated systems have been designed by professionals whose major focus is research, not low cost.

The Economics and Benefits of Anaerobic Digesters

Before you install one or more anaerobic digesters on your farm or ranch, food processing plant, or facility, you should explore its economic value and potential benefits. You will also want to consider an anaerobic digester "feasibility study" that specifically reviews your operation and requirements.

An anaerobic digester usually requires manure from more than 150 large animals to cost effectively generate electricity. The anaerobic digester and associated biogas production can also reduce overall operating costs where costs are high for sewage, agricultural, or animal waste disposal, and the effluent has economic value.

In the United States, the availability of inexpensive fossil fuels has limited the use of digesters solely for biogas production. However, the waste treatment and odor reduction benefits that anaerobic digesters provide are receiving increasing interest, especially for large-scale livestock operations such as dairies, feedlots, and slaughterhouses.

Multiple Environmental and Economic Benefits for Installing Anaerobic Digesters:

Anaerobic digesters generate numerous economic and environmental dividends:


Anaerobic Digester Systems in the U.S. and Europe



Biowaste / Solid


Industrial Wastewater










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above info courtesy of
and updated by: 

What is FOG?

FOG stands for “Fats, Oils and Grease.” FOG is generated in homes and businesses, including anywhere there is a kitchen, cooking, restaurant, animal operation, wastewater treatment plant, car dealership or where machinery and heavy equipment operate. 

Many of the foods we eat contain FOG, including; meats, sauces, vegetable oils, salad dressings, deep-fried food (chicken, french fries, fish, etc.), cookies, pastries, butter and many others. 

Animal fats and food scraps that go down a sink contribute to FOG problems in sewers.  FOG accumulations in the city's sewer system causes obstruction by constricting flow of the sewer pipes, and interfering with the normal operation of your community wastewater treatment system.

FOG is a community problem!

FOG is a major community problem as well as a health hazard from the standpoint of sewage collection, transmission and treatment.  FOG is given special significance by the EPA and state environmental agencies due to its inability to mix with water, and its tendency to separate from liquid in the sewer system.

When FOG is released into the sewer lines in any amounts it can seriously degrade the collection system’s ability to remove waste from the city or community.   FOG is deposited directly on pipe walls, thus decreasing pipe capacity and, therefore, requiring an increased frequency of cleaning, maintenance, and replacement.  

FOG, and in particular, "grease" (grease is a fat that is solid and stable at room temperature) when dissolved in a warm and/or soapy liquid which may NOT appear to be harmful.  However, when grease is released into the sewer system - it cools and then the grease solidifies when the grease and fats come out of the solution, which then adhere on the sewer pipe's surfaces. 

Sewer lines meet at "lift stations" which are normally positioned in neighborhoods where small amounts of FOG collect and can become a problem.  The FOG solidifies and creates huge grease "mats" on the surface of our sewer lift stations which interferes with the efficient functioning of removing sewage effluent from your home or business.  These mats of FOG can actually shut the lift station down and if the problem is serious enough, the sanitary sewer lines can backup even to the point of threatening your home or business.

What can you do to help eliminate our company's FOG problems?

Turn your FOG problems and liabilities into a Biomethane asset through our Anaerobic Digester solution! 

What if we don't generate an adequate supply of FOG to substantiate the investment into an Anaerobic Digester?

There may still be a solution which could include our Biogas Plant solution for your operation as well as several others in your area, whereby we collect and haul your FOG to our plant

How does our city or community solve FOG buildup problems?

What is Biomethane?

Biomethane is "renewable natural gas" made from organic sources - which starts out as "biogas" but then is cleaned up in a process called "Biogas to Biomethane" which removes the impurities in biogas such as carbon dioxide, siloxanes and hydrogen sulfides (H2S).

Biomethane is soon to be re-classified from the category of "Low Carbon Fuels" to "Super Low Carbon Fuel" due to it being the greenest of all biofuels!

"Cleaned-up" and ready for use in an onsite cogeneration or trigeneration power plant, the Biomethane could also be sold to a pipeline company and completely replace the "natural gas" that is typically transported to markets via the vast underground pipeline system.

Biomethane will some day replace much of the "methane" or CH4 that is sold by natural gas utility companies.

Biomethane has an unlimited supply, whereas the methane sold by gas companies has a limited supply.  Biomethane is renewable, whereas the methane sold by your gas utility company is not renewable. Biomethane recovery, use and production generates "Greentags" or a "Renewable Energy Credit" for the owners and is GOOD for our environment.

Biomethane is "naturally" produced from organic materials as they decay.  Sources of Biomethane include; landfills, POTW's/Wastewaster Treatment Systems, and every tree or agricultural product that is no longer living.  Biomethane is also generated from animal operations where manure can be collected and the Biomethane is generated from anaerobic digesters where the manure decomposes.

Biomethane, after installation of the Biomethane equipment is essentially free, as opposed to buying natural gas, presently costing around $10.00/mmbtu. 

Methanogenesis is the production of CH4 and CO2 by biological processes that are carried out by methanogens.

Unlike the price of natural gas, which has been very unstable, and wildly fluctuating from $5.50 to as much as $17.00/mmbtu this past year, Biomethane prices will tend to be more stable over the years. As more and more Biomethane is produced, and produced in reliable and sustainable methods that can fuel our energy needs now and for.


When It Comes to Energy Independence,
Biomethane, Not Coal, is America's "Ace in the Hole"
and One of the Greenest of All Biofuels

It's Time to Start Building Our Country's Biomethane Infrastructure &
Producing Biomethane, the Cleanest/Greenest Biofuel!

By:  Renewable Energy Institute and 
Biomethane Technologies

Biomethane, NOT Coal, is America's True "Ace in the Hole" when it comes to our energy future, economics, the environment, sustainability and America's “Energy Independence.” And biomethane is also receiving recognition as one of the greenest of all biofuels.   

For years now, the coal industry has been touting "coal is America's 'Ace in the Hole'" when they discuss the abundance of our coal reserves here in the U.S. and the role they hope coal will play in America's energy future.

But coal is far from being the “Ace in the Hole” the coal lobby would have everyone believe.  That’s due to the proverbial “black eye” not to mention the “black lungs” and other problems that are inherent with “dirty coal.”  

While there may be a place for coal in America's energy future, coal must become "clean" for America to value it as a possible energy resource. Plans or building 18 new Coal fired power plants were cancelled in Texas last year due to the fact that coal isn't clean, and utilities aren't interested in investing the extra costs for building power plants that use "Clean Coal Technology" or "Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle" power plants that also now need to include "Carbon Capture and Sequestration" technologies to remove the carbon dioxide emissions from the stacks. Plans for many other coal fired power plants are being cancelled. And even now, owners of coal fired power plants (pulverized coal) are switching from coal, to biomass, and biomass gasification technologies, as the writing is on the wall.

Unless our society relishes the thoughts of moving back to the caves, and using candles, and foregoing our modern-day comforts, we need to move forward with renewable energy technologies such as biomethane, as the alternative is power shortages and blackouts.

We believe biomethane represents the best and greenest of all biofuels. There are no supply problems with biomethane, and we have a virtually unlimited supply for using biomethane wherever natural gas is presently used as a fuel.

It should be pointed out that biomethane is chemically no different than natural gas from the "fossil fuel" form of natural gas or CH4.

However, one important distinction between biomethane and the fossil-fuel variety of natural gas, is that the production and use of biomethane is “carbon neutral” in that the greenhouse gas emissions from biomethane use do not add any new net greenhouse gas emissions.

Biomethane starts out as “biogas” but must be cleaned and purified before it can be used as a renewable fuel.  The process of cleaning and purifying the biogas is called “biogas to biomethane.”  The impurities that are found in biogas include hydrogen sulfides, siloxanes, and carbon dioxide. When the impurities are removed from biogas, it is then referred to as biomethane and available for use as a clean fuel, just as the fossil-fuel form of natural gas is used. 

Biomethane reserves and supplies, unlike fossil-fuel natural gas, are virtually unlimited. Biomethane is produced from many sources including anaerobic digesters, wastewater treatment systems, landfills and most agricultural and forestry operations. Last year, the first Biomethane NGV refueling station was opened in Eugendorf, Austria.  Like a gas station provides gasoline for cars, the the NGV Biomethane station in Eugendorf provides biomethane for NGVs (Natural Gas Vehicles).  Presently, the station provides a blend of biomethane and natural gas.  Eventually, they hope to provide 100% biomethane for natural gas vehicles.  Companies and researchers in Germany and Austria have determined that “Cellulosic Biomethane” is the greenest of all biofuels, and the least expensive biofuel to produce.  Germany and Austria are now planting vast amounts of a form of Kentucky Bluegrass which will be harvested for use in producing “Cellulosic Biomethane,” through anaerobic digesters and fermentation.

Researchers from around the world, starting in Austria, are finding that grasses such as Kentucky Bluegrass are easily converted into biomethane as well as organic fertilizer. Cellulosic Biomethane production doesn’t require the fermentation of sugars or starches - as the first generation of liquid biofuels – requiring grains and oilseeds from food crops. As the Austrian Cellulosic Biomethane project shows, biomethane can be produced from a cellulosic biomass feedstock like grass. Yield estimates from the Austrian Cellulosic Biomethane research indicate that one natural gas vehicle can travel 10,000 to 15,000 miles on just one acre of Kentucky Bluegrass that was processed into biomethane.

At a Jan. 8, 2009 public workshop held by the California Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition, they documented the superior benefits and potential of biomethane as a clean, renewable energy resource.  The California Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition stated that Biomethane should be classified as a "Super Ultra Low Carbon fuel."  Super Ultra Low Carbon fuel is defined as providing at least an 82 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions - based on the California Air Resource Board’s analysis of biomethane from landfill gas.

Biomethane has a carbon dioxide emissions intensity of only 11 as compared with:

                                                                        67.9 for natural gas
                                                                        95.8 for diesel
                                                                        96.7 for gasoline

Biomethane can displace and substitute the equivalent of 29% percent of all petroleum diesel transportation fuel used - almost immediately.

According to the California Energy Commission and the Biomass Collaborative, landfills, wastewater treatment, and dairy waste sources - which are "developable today" and can start producing Biomethane almost immediately, with low investment/high returns, could yield 121 billion cubic feet of Biomethane. At $8.00/mmbtu, that's a $1 billion market opportunity in California alone.  The 121 billion cubic feet of Biomethane equals about 860 million gallons of petroleum diesel. California alone uses about 3 billion gallons of diesel annually for transportation. Emerging biomass gasification and Biomethanation technologies could more than double Biomethane supplies.

Biomethane - like natural gas from "fossil fuels" - can be compressed or liquefied. And using "Compressed Biomethane" is a significantly better choice as a transportation fuel than traditional "natural gas."

Biomethane is the "natural, natural gas" and is far better for the environment and the economy than natural gas. Biomethane, when "vented" to the environment, is 21 times more hazardous to the climate than carbon dioxide emissions which are the only emissions (and water vaport) from compressed natural gas vehicles' engines when used as a fuel.

Again, we are reminded that Biomethane is the same chemical compound as natural gas: CH4, and completely replaces and substitutes for natural gas. Engines, turbines, boilers and every other natural gas appliance can use Biomethane without any adjustments or modifications - just like natural gas.

Biomethane supplies, as opposed to natural gas supplies from the fossil fuel industry, are available in an unlimited supply.

Moving forward with a “Biomethane Infrastructure” is the direction our country needs to be moving as one of our fuel choices as we become energy-independent.  Every MCF of Biomethane that we use displaces about 8 gallons of gasoline and creates jobs that will never be outsourced or downsized.

(Some of the above information from the California Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition.)

The Renewable Natural Gas & Greenest of all Renewable Fuels!

The Unlimited Potential for Biomethane and Renewable Natural Gas 

Regarding Greenhouse Gas Emissions and 
/Renewable Natural Gas vs. Gasoline

Other Benefits and Incentives of Biomethane: 
The Federal Biogas/Biomethane Tax Credit:

Equal to 2.0 cents per KWH (approximately $5.66 per MMBtu) for electricity produced on-site from Biomethane.

All other uses of biogas and Biomethane in vehicles and producing electricity off-site) do not presently qualify for the Federal Biogas/Biomethane Tax Credit.

Biomethane & Synthesis Gas 
the Perfect Renewable Fuels & Now the 
Leading Renewable Fuels to Fuel the Future

As Biomethane is a near perfect fuel, and since Biomethane represents the best of all biofuels in terms of Recycling Carbon, and has the highest Net Energy Balance, and as Biomethane technologies such as Anaerobic Digesters and Biomass Gasification development increases and becomes even more commonplace, one of the fundamental questions is: what is the size of the potential biomass resource supply in the U.S.?

In April 2005, the DOE and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) co-published a report assessing the potential of the land resources in the U.S. for producing sustainable biomass: Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply. Looking at forestland and agricultural land, the two largest potential biomass sources, this study estimates that the U.S. can sustainably produce up to 1.3 billion tons of biomass feedstock by mid-century. This would be enough feedstock to produce 60 billion gallons of B100 Biodiesel and E100 Ethanol with today's technologies.

This study doesn't address the opportunities for Biomethane production from biomass feedstock or Biomass Gasification technologies. Some recent estimates indicate that Biomethane could replace up to 50% of present natural gas consumption in the U.S. and in some countries, such as Iceland, Biomethane already provides 100% of the natural gas requirements.

There are many assumptions in the Billion Ton Study report that impact these estimates, but we believe the estimates reasonably reflect the potential availability and impact of biomass resources.

Of the total estimated resource, the study suggests that forestlands in the contiguous United States can produce approximately 368 million dry tons annually. This projection includes 52 million dry tons of fuelwood harvested from forests and woodlands, 145 million dry tons of residues from wood processing mills and pulp and paper mills, 47 million dry tons of urban wood residues including construction and demolition debris, 64 million dry tons of residues from logging and site clearing operations, and 60 million dry tons of biomass from fuel treatment operations.

Biomass to Biofuels

By "converting" biomass wastes – such as municipal solid waste, sewage sludge, crop residues, energy crops, and manure – into biofuels, this will resolve the energy, environmental and political problems in an economical and environmentally sound manner - that will produce over one million new jobs.

According to Jeff Seisler, Director of the European Natural Gas Vehicle Association, "Biomethane has an outstanding potential as a multifaceted solution to multifaceted social problems: urban and agricultural waste management, water purification, and clean air. Urban and agricultural waste can be processed into usable methane, as can the sewage during the water purification process. Cleaning and compressing the gas for use in vehicles then provides cleaner air than petroleum-consuming vehicles."

Continuing, Mr. Seisler states about Biomethane; "this environmental 'closed loop waste-to-energy-to-fuel used in vehicles that again truck the next load of waste to the energy processing plants-substitutes fossil fuels with a renewable resource and reduces greenhouse gases 100% as compared to over gasoline vehicles (on a well-to-wheel basis).

According to Peter Boisen Chairman, of ENGVA, "various well respected European research institutes now estimate more than three times better fuel output per hectare of land used than if going for ethanol or biodiesel. Sweden currently has a 51% Biomethane share, and Switzerland 37%. France, Norway, Germany and Austria use smaller amounts for vehicles. Iceland, completely without natural gas, uses 100% biomethane in its NGVs," Boisen says.  Continuing, Boisen adds, "China, India, Korea, the Ukraine, Spain and Italy are other examples of countries now starting up projects where Biomethane will be used as a vehicle fuel." 

"With the energy efficiency of the gas production process at 50% to 70% it's hard to think of a more socially acceptable and economic energy value for the transportation sector," Boisen says.

"Governments need to get out of their liquid fuel paradigm to refocus and balance their policies and communications to support the development of a Biomethane infrastructure. In Europe Biomethane has the potential to replace 20% of the petroleum consumed in the transport sector by 2030."

and Synthesis Gas;
The Best of All Renewable Fuels!

1.  Natural Gas (the non-renewable fossil fuel) is one of the most common and harmful of All Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

2.  Natural Gas (the non-renewable fossil fuel) is 21 Times More Harmful to the Climate than Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Stated another way, Natural Gas (the non-renewable fossil fuel) Causes Global Warming and Climate Change to Increase 21 Times Faster than Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Biomethane and Synthesis Gas can both be used to replace Natural Gas with ease. 

4.  Biomethane and Synthesis Gas are each viewed as a "Renewable Natural Gas."

Biomethane and Synthesis Gas are each profitable to produce and will produce the biggest reductions in global Greenhouse Gas Emissions when replacing non-renewable fossil fuels. 

5.  Replacing non-renewable fossil fuels with Biomethane and Synthesis Gas will also replace the  fossil fuels imported countries, reducing America's trade deficit and help make us energy independent, while increasing American jobs. 



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Syngas Cleanup

Synthesis Gas

Vapor Recovery Units - VRU

Vapor Recovery Systems

VOC Control

VOC Removal

Wastewater Treatment System

Waste to Fuel



American Energy Plan sm

3-5 million new jobs
Fuel Savings of > $1.50/gallon
American Energy Independence
Ends the worst economic depression of all time





“spending hundreds and hundreds and hundreds of billions of dollars every year for oil, much of it from the Middle East, is just about the single stupidest thing that modern society could possibly do.  It’s very difficult to think of anything more idiotic than that.” 
~ R. James Woolsey, Jr., former Director of the CIA

Price of Addiction
to Foreign Oil

According to R. James Woolsey, for Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, “The basic insight is to realize that global warming, the geopolitics of oil, and warfare in the Persian Gulf are not separate problems — they are aspects of a single problem, the West’s dependence on oil.”  



  Renewable Energy Institute

"Leading the Renewable Energy Revolution"

"Changing the Way the World Makes and Uses Energy"



Anaerobic Lagoon

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